“Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.” Proverbs 28:5
The Hebrew word translated ‘judgment’ in this text is mishpat (strong number 4941). This word is derived from shafat (strong number 8199), which means judge. Due to the transliteration (pronunciation) in English we do not see much similarity, but written in Hebrew, mishpat is the same word as shafat plus the Hebrew mem (letter m).
Mishpat (judgment) can be used for judgments of earthly judges (for example Leviticus 19:15, Deuteronomy 1:17, Judges 4:5, 2 Samuel 8:15). And we sometimes do not understand these (Eccl. 3:16). But the Bible is mainly about the Supreme Judge, “the Judge (shafat) of all the earth” (Genesis 18:25, Psalm 7:7). And the mishpat of the Supreme Shafat (Judge) is used in the meaning of law (Exodus 21:1, 24:3, Leviticus 18:5, 26:46, Numbers 36:13, Deuteronomy 4:8, 33:10, 2 Samuel 22:23, Psalm 19:9) and in the meaning of judgment (Psalm 10:5, 48:11, and see below). This word refers to His instructions, to His judgments, to the words from His mouth.
“Remember his marvellous works that he hath done; his wonders, and the judgments [mishpat] of his mouth;” Psalm 105:5
And: “by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live”. Deuteronomy 8:3
So, we live by His mishpat. Mishpat is His truth and wisdom, that He wants to teach us:
“The meek will he guide in judgment [mishpat]: and the meek will he teach his way.” Psalm 25:9
“I have not departed from thy judgments [mishpat]: for thou hast taught me.” Psalm 119:102
So that all our mind and heart is filled with His mishpat, His Word, His truth:
“The thoughts of the righteous are right [mishpat]” Proverbs 12:5
And it proceeds out of our mouth as well:
“The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment [mishpat].” Psalm 37:30
Mishpat is His truth that saves us, that sets us free:
“he shall bring forth judgment unto truth [mishpat].” Isa 42:3
“When God arose to judgment [mishpat], to save all the meek of the earth.”
His Words, His truth, sets us free (John 8:31-32).
In the Psalms is a deep desire for His mishpat (Psalm 97:8, 119:20), they are called good (Psalm 119:39), they help us (Psalm 119:175).
His mishpat (judgment) is the habitation of His throne (Psalm 89:14), from which He rules. His Kingdom is ordered and established with His mishpat (judgment) (Isa 9:7).
When Yeshua spoke His words (mishpat) about His Kingdom in the form of parables, His disciples asked Him why He did this (Matthew 13:10-11). He replied:
“Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.” Matthew 13:13
He refers to Isa 6:9: “And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.”
They did not understand, because they had to understand with their heart, and their heart was waxed gross (Matthew 13:15). His mishpat was not in their heart.
“Evil men understand not judgment [mishpat]: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.” Proverbs 28:5
His law, His judgments, His instructions, set us free. Whoever seeks YHWH with all his mind and all his heart, will understand. He will understand all. Do you understand?